Source: Central State University submitted to
Sponsoring Institution
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Status
Funding Source
Reporting Frequency
Accession No.
Grant No.
Project No.
Proposal No.
Multistate No.
Program Code
Project Start Date
Sep 1, 2021
Project End Date
Aug 31, 2026
Grant Year
Project Director
Phipps, B. E.
Recipient Organization
Central State University
1400 Brush Row Rd.
Wilberforce,OH 45384
Performing Department
Agriculture Rsch. Dev. Program
Non Technical Summary
The US has a goal of transforming food and agricultural systems to increase American agricultural production by 40% while reducing environmental footprint by 50% by 2050. This project aims to develop a system for producingsustainable, safe, affordable, and accessible sources of high-value, healthy foods- while focusing on and increasing agriculture production in rural, low-income, and underrepresented minority (URM) communities.The Scientific Report of the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee (2020 Committee) reports that 6 in 10 Americans have diet-related chronic conditions- diabetes, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease, etc. -with 4 in 10 having 2 or more. In 2016, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) cost America $555B and $327B, respectively, with costs expected to more than double by 2035. Lower-income and URM households are disproportionally affected by chronic conditionsand food insecurity, highlighting the importance of targeted research and outreach. The 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines encourage 2+ servings per week of seafood as a good source of protein and healthy fats (polyunsaturated fats - PUFA). Replacing saturated fats - like those found in meats and full-fat dairy products - with PUFA has been shown to lower risk of CVD, T2D, and some cancers. Increases in seafood intake must be balanced with caution. The FDA and EPA issued joint advice to choose seafood lowest in contaminants or eat less than recommended in the Guidelines. The 2020 Committee also recognized that recommendations to increase seafood consumption have environmental impacts that should be evaluated when developing guidelines. Strategies to increase intake of healthy, safe seafood, while minimizing negative environmental impacts, are critical to slow the rise of chronic disease in the US. Furthermore, targeted outreach is needed for the most vulnerable populations, such as low-income, rural, and URM populations - who often have the least access to local, healthy seafood options.Partneringwith URM populations to increase food sovereignty and local production ofhealthy foods (like aquaculture-produced fish and produce) in their communities can significantly impact URM public health outcomes. Our HBCU-led, multidisciplinary Land-Grant team - partnering 1890 HBCU, 1994 Tribal College, and 1862 Institutions - will investigate hemp as a safe, environmentally friendlyfeed for aquaculture. Increasing aquaculture production of fish - using hemp as a feed ingredient - couldalleviate safety concerns of seafood consumption; increase economic markets and production sustainability for both seafood and hemp, and improve human health. In addition to the hemp feed research,we will be partnering with the Menominee Nation to expand on their desire to increase food sovereigntyby providing financial start-up and training support for new aquaculture producers; providingextension and outreach programs for consumers; and establishing a pilot aquaponics program at College of Menominee Nation (CMN) where Tribal members can learn about aquaculture and participate in fish and produce distributions. The educational partnership between CSU andCMN - established by this project - will allow us to increase Native American diversity in agriculture by developing aquaculturecertificate programs, establishing new aquaculture producers; increasing youth interest in agriculture programs through extension programs; and providing training, mentorship, and scholarships for CMN graduates to complete their agriculture-related bachelor's degrees at Central State University.
Animal Health Component
Research Effort Categories

Knowledge Area (KA)Subject of Investigation (SOI)Field of Science (FOS)Percent
Goals / Objectives
Project goals are (1) approval of hemp grain as a sustainable feed ingredient to produce high-value, nutrient-dense fish; (2) education of and outreach to consumers and producers to expand domestic markets for hemp and trout; and (3) creation of a more diverse workforce in agriculture. We will target several major systems components in the value chain - Hemp, Fish, Humans, and the Environment. Specific objectives include:Short/Medium Term Objectives:Establish hemp as safe additive to fish feed [benchmark: submission of AAFCO application].Perform market research, production economic assessments, and valuation of socio-environmental net benefits for suitability of the suggested system.Assess impact of intervention (fish access and education) on health behavior of Indigenous individuals.Establish independent research at a 1994 Land-grant Tribal College and University.Develop hemp and aquaculture certificate programs and provide start-up assistance.Implement Extension programming for consumers, producers, and 4-H audiences.Provide funding, training, peer mentorship, and cross-cultural learning opportunities to increase URM completion rates in agriculture.Long Term Objectives [project sustainability beyond duration of the grant]:Provide a sustainable source of fish livestock with an enhanced nutritional value - contributing to the health of the nation, especially URM (Research).Create niche markets for hemp and aquaculture, increase production opportunities for farmers, create jobs, and enhance the economy - increasing agriculture profitability in economically and environmentally sustainable ways (Research and Extension).Develop a pipeline of Black and Indigenous and lay workforce with the appropriate technical and professional skills to fulfill employment needs in STEM, nutrition, water resource management, and sustainable agriculture (Education).
Project Methods
We aim to have HH-FF, HH-DF, and HSO approved as fish feed ingredients through Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO). To accomplish this, we willanalyze hemp grain and feed; conduct cannabinoid metabolism studies in hemp ingredients, hemp-containing fish feed, and trout fed hemp-containing diets; and conduct feeding trials utilizing hemp ingredients as replacements for fish oil and meal in trout diets.We aim to evaluate the economic impact of our novel system and hemp feed ingredients, integratingelements from across the value chain with a focus on production, consumption, and agro-ecosystem services valuation components. To accomplish this, we will examine potential land-use changes as hemp grain increases acreage in the states of Kentucky and Ohio; conduct a Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and Techno-Economic Analysis (TEA) to use hemp grain in aquafeed for the high omega-3-containing-fish production system developed; assess consumer knowledge about the benefits of fish consumption; motivations for purchase, preferences, and possible premiums associated with omega-3-containing-fish fed hemp; and food sovereignty among URM and the general US public; determine consumer preferences for hemp regulation in fish feed; and quantify our agrosystem services using a water quality model, non-marketecosystem services (ES) valuation, benefit transfer approach to ES valuation, and a modern portfolio approach tosustainability analyses.We aim to increase educational and research opportunities at 1994 Land-Grant College of Menominee Nation (CMN) by establishing a novel research line. To accomplish this, we willgatherdata to inform goals and objectives (e.g. market analyses, community forums, literature reviews, meetings with Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources); establishanaquaculture research facility; create a detailed 5+ year Plan of Work (POW) with short-, medium-, and long-term objectives; hire and train new research staff and purchase researchequipment, and initiate the first objective in the POW by the end of the project period.We aim to build on Native American (Menominee Nation) desire to increase food sovereignty. To accomplish this we plan to pilotaquaponics locally on the CMN Keshena campus and establisha certificate program that will allow experiential learning, sustainability of practice, and food self-sufficiency for Tribal members and their families. Outreach will happen through (1) the creation of fact sheets (Healthy Living/Nutrition, Hemp Production, Aquaponics); (2) Native chef food demonstrations at the Kehtekaewak Farmers Market (KFM); and (3) Field Days.We aim to increase diversity in the agricultural workforce, particularly by increasing Native American participants. To accomplish this aim, we will provide extension programming and outreach to consumers, producers, and youth. In particular, providing youth with these opportunities will increase interest in agriculture and natural resources leading to enrollment inthese programs and increased diversity in the workforce. We also plan to create articulation agreements, scholarships, and mentoring programs for CMN graduates to earn their bachelor's degree in a number of agriculture-related programs at Central State University (CSU), significantly increasing the number of Menominee individuals with leadership training,bachelor's degrees and training in agriculture. CMN students will increase the diversity at CSU and will provide cross-cultural learning experiences for students from different backgrounds.