Source: UNIV OF MINNESOTA submitted to
Sponsoring Institution
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Status
Funding Source
Reporting Frequency
Accession No.
Grant No.
Project No.
Proposal No.
Multistate No.
Program Code
Project Start Date
Sep 1, 2012
Project End Date
Aug 31, 2013
Grant Year
Project Director
Herzfeld, D.
Recipient Organization
ST PAUL,MN 55108
Performing Department
Plant Pathology
Non Technical Summary
The Minnesota Pesticide Safety and Environmental Education Program is in the midst of a programmed upgrade of all its pesticide applicator education manuals. To do this we need to decide on a category by category basis to a) continue to use manual as is until higher priority manuals are upgraded, b) use, as is, another state's manual, with permission, c) adapt another state's manual with permission for use in Minnesota, or d) revise and upgrade our current manual. These funds will be used as needed to supplement other funds for program staff and faculty work on this project.
Animal Health Component
Research Effort Categories

Knowledge Area (KA)Subject of Investigation (SOI)Field of Science (FOS)Percent
Goals / Objectives
Minnesota is upgrading all its pesticide applicator safety education manuals through using, adapting or revising existing Minnesota manuals or those in other states (with permission). Funds received will be used to support various activities to upgrade Minnesota manuals.
Project Methods
Planned manual upgrades in the grant time period include: Soil Fumigation, Aerial Application, Turf & Ornamentals, Aquatic, and Core State Supplement. Activities vary by manual due to amount of revision needed and amount of documentation from pre-existing efforts of the various tasks conducted in other states. Activities may include development of blueprint of applicator tasks, knowledge and skills and performance objectives (based on the blueprint) used as a guide in manual development, convening of manual Subject Matter Expert group to review and revise the blueprint and objectives, development and review of draft manual chapters, editing and writing to adapt/revise existing manuals from Minnesota or others states.

Progress 09/01/12 to 08/31/13

Target Audience: During this reporting period Minnesota released 4 new Pesticide Safety Education manuals. These manuals are both: a) the basis for pesticide certification category exams and b) study guide for individuals preparing to take the category exam (2013 Minnesota data): Category B: Aerial – 422 certified professional applicators Category A: Core – Minnesota Supplement – 10,206 certified professional applicators (for all categories other than private certification) Category N: Stored Grain and Fumigation / Private Certification Fumigation Endorsement 113 certified professional applicators 18 certified private applicators (ag producers) Category O: Soil Fumigation / Private Applicator Soil Fumigation Endorsement 20 certified professional applicators 8 certified private applicators (ag producers) Changes/Problems: Nothing Reported What opportunities for training and professional development has the project provided? Work on pesticide safety education manuals, adoption, adaption or writing new, requires the work of a Subject Matter Expert Group (SMEG) comprised of private sector stakeholders (applictors or those who work directly with applicators), university faculty and extension specialist and various public sector experts. The work of the SMEG itself is an opportunity for professional develop for the pesticide safety education faculty, SMEG and state pesticide lead agency as it requires deep work to think through public good ouctomes from pesticide applicator job duties; considerations of health, safety andsecurity of pesticide by the targeted learners; environmental protection and regulatory compliance. There is a multipiler effect as the SMEG, extension and state government continue their nornal work with others involved in the manual's pesticide applicator category. How have the results been disseminated to communities of interest? Manuals are offered for sale via University Bookstores. Sales data and new manual releases are communicated with extension administration and external stakehodlers. What do you plan to do during the next reporting period to accomplish the goals? Nothing Reported

What was accomplished under these goals? Never before has Minnesota released 4 pesticide safety manuals in one 12 month period. Minnesota has 19 such manuals covering more than 21 different pesticide applicator certification categories and endorsements. Keeping these manuals updated is a major undertaking and requires cross state, regional and national efforts in sharing resources and materials. Significant expense plus and staff and faculty time are incurred even when adopting an existing manual without change for use in the state. In 2013 the state Legislature took in interest in the lack of funding for revising existing pesticide safety education manuals, highlighting the importance of these publications, not just for pesticide applicators, but for the general public and protection of the environment.


  • Type: Books Status: Published Year Published: 2012 Citation: Herzfeld, D. (2012). Category A: Minnesota Supplement, 2nd Ed. University of Minnesota Extension.
  • Type: Books Status: Published Year Published: 2012 Citation: O'Connor-Marer, P. (2010). Aerial Applicator's Manual. A National Pesticide Applicator Certification Study Guide. National Association of State Departments of Agriculture Research Foundation.
  • Type: Books Status: Published Year Published: 2013 Citation: Herzfeld, D. (2013). Stored Grain and Fumigation Pesticide Applicator Safety Manual. 1st Ed. University of Minnesota Extension.
  • Type: Books Status: Published Year Published: 2012 Citation: Flashinski, R. (2012). Soil Fumigation Manual. A National Pesticide Applicator Certification Study Guide. National Association of State Departments of Agriculture Research Foundation.